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Set virtual private networks LAN for qemu kvm suited for use with iptables dhcpd etc. Similar to vmware vmnets Imprimer

This script allow you to create virtual private networks for qemu, similarly to what is done in vmware. You can see the output of ifconfig below the script.


#!/bin/sh
#
# This script configures private LAN networks for qemu
# You can then use those virtual private networks as if they
# were real network interfaces attached to your machine.
# This means you can use iptables, dhcpd and the rest
# to manage those networks. This also means your private
# networks will be secured from each other depending on
# iptables rules.
# You also need to set proper routing for those networks, just
# like if they were real private LANs. Hint, use something like:
# $IPTABLES -t nat -A POSTROUTING  -s 192.168.2.0/24 -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE
# to let your qemu VMs with private network IP addresses access
# the world. If they have public IP addresses,
# just route like you would do on a real LAN

# You have to be familiar with iptables and routing to use this.
# Otherwise, it will be much simpler for you to just bridge your
# qemu virtual machines to your real physical network interface like
# shown here:
# https://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/QEMU/Networking


# There is some documentation floating around on the Internet
# about setting tap devices for qemu to bridge with your real
# network interface, similarly to vmnet8 in vmware.
# This script does something different. It doesn't touch your real
# network interface at all. It sets private virtual LANs,
# similarly to vmnet1, vmnet2, etc. in vmware.

# USE start/stop as parameter to bring the vmnets up and
# down. Note that you won't be able to bring down the
# subnets properly if any qemu virtual machine running
# is using a tap device.
# qemu-if start
# qemu-if stop

#List the virtual network indexes you want to configure here:
# networks will be named vmnet1 vmnet3 vmnet4
# tap devices will be named tap1-0, tap1-1, tap1-2...
# tap3-0 tap3-1... tap4-0, tap4-1...
VMNET_INDEX=(1 3 4)

# List the matching IP, in the same order, of the gateways
# on the bare metal host system to access the vmnets
# You need to have as many gateways as vmnets !
GATEWAYS=(192.168.2.1 192.168.3.1 192.168.4.1)

# Number of tap devices you need for each vmnet.
# 10 will create 10 tap devices on each vmnet
# The tap devices will be named tap1-0, tap1-1, etc.
# You need at least one tap device for every virtual
# machine you run with qemu
# Each virtual network interface in your guest
# hosts matches one to one to a tap device on your
# bare metal host.
# You can then start qemu like this, note "tap1-0"
# below, it means that virtual machine will be
# using interface 0 on vmnet1:
# qemu-system-x86_64 -m 256 -display vnc=127.0.0.1:11 \
# -cdrom slackware64-14.0-install-dvd.iso \
# -net nic,macaddr=52:54:00:12:FF:57 \
# -net tap,ifname=tap1-0,script=no,downscript=no &
NB_TAPS=10

# User that will be able to access the tap devices. This is
# the same user that will run the qemu virtual machine
# Note that it doesn't need to be root although this
# script must be ran as root.
# This username must exist on your system!
QEMU_USER=qemu

# YOU DO NOT NEED TO EDIT BELOW ;-)
# Number of subnets/gatways, this is the size of the array
NB_VMNETS=${#VMNET_INDEX[@]}

if [ "$1" = "start" ]
then


#
# create the bridges
#

let i=0
let j=0
while [ $j -lt $NB_VMNETS ]
do
VMNET_NAME=vmnet${VMNET_INDEX[j]}
/usr/sbin/brctl addbr $VMNET_NAME
  while [ $i -lt $NB_TAPS ]
  do
    TAP_NAME=tap${VMNET_INDEX[j]}-${i}
    /usr/sbin/openvpn --mktun --dev $TAP_NAME --user $QEMU_USER
    /sbin/ifconfig $TAP_NAME 0.0.0.0 promisc up
    /usr/sbin/brctl addif $VMNET_NAME $TAP_NAME
    let i=$i+1
  done
# only a single bridge so loops are not possible, turn off spanning tree
# protocol
/usr/sbin/brctl stp $VMNET_NAME off
/sbin/ifconfig $VMNET_NAME ${GATEWAYS[j]}
let i=0
let j=$j+1
done

elif [ "$1" = "stop" ]
then

let i=0
let j=0
while [ $j -lt $NB_VMNETS ]
do 
  VMNET_NAME=vmnet${VMNET_INDEX[j]}
  /sbin/ifconfig ${VMNET_NAME} down
  /usr/sbin/brctl delbr ${VMNET_NAME}
  while [ $i -lt $NB_TAPS ]
  do
    ##TAP_NAME=tap${VMNET_INDEX[j]}-${i}
    TAP_NAME=tap${VMNET_INDEX[j]}-${i}
    /usr/sbin/openvpn --rmtun --dev $TAP_NAME
    let i=$i+1
  done
let i=0
let j=$j+1
done

else
echo Please use start/stop as parameter...
fi



# end of script

 

 

 

Here is the output of ifconfig once the script has been ran:

 eth0: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet 192.168.0.6  netmask 255.255.255.0  broadcast 192.168.0.255
        inet6 fe80::215:f2ff:fee9:f75a  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 00:15:f2:e9:f7:5a  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 35689628  bytes 34266310082 (31.9 GiB)
        RX errors 1  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 1
        TX packets 20835127  bytes 3404148417 (3.1 GiB)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0
        device interrupt 23  

lo: flags=73<UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING>  mtu 16436
        inet 127.0.0.1  netmask 255.0.0.0
        inet6 ::1  prefixlen 128  scopeid 0x10<host>
        loop  txqueuelen 0  (Local Loopback)
        RX packets 1737014  bytes 248666448 (237.1 MiB)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 1737014  bytes 248666448 (237.1 MiB)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap1-0: flags=4419<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::ac65:fbff:fec9:5776  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether ae:65:fb:c9:57:76  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 20304  bytes 1767490 (1.6 MiB)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 164024  bytes 233805110 (222.9 MiB)
        TX errors 0  dropped 1 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap1-1: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::6848:54ff:fe24:6c40  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 6a:48:54:24:6c:40  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 20367  bytes 1651454 (1.5 MiB)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 90941  bytes 137343904 (130.9 MiB)
        TX errors 0  dropped 1 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap1-2: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::7c96:5fff:fedc:7d5d  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 7e:96:5f:dc:7d:5d  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 2 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap1-3: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::58f8:bff:fe48:4141  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 5a:f8:0b:48:41:41  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap1-4: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::889e:2aff:fea6:342c  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 8a:9e:2a:a6:34:2c  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 1 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap1-5: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::4419:20ff:fedf:195b  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 46:19:20:df:19:5b  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 1 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap1-6: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::10fb:84ff:fe4a:9bc3  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 12:fb:84:4a:9b:c3  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 1 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap1-7: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::7c66:56ff:feab:405a  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 7e:66:56:ab:40:5a  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 2 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap1-8: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::4a6:28ff:fe00:9e49  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 06:a6:28:00:9e:49  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 2 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap1-9: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::14eb:23ff:fee4:2d99  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 16:eb:23:e4:2d:99  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 1 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap3-0: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::b03e:e8ff:fede:5caa  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether b2:3e:e8:de:5c:aa  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 1 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap3-1: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::88d9:3bff:fee9:c63a  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 8a:d9:3b:e9:c6:3a  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap3-2: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::c423:7eff:fe43:cd7  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether c6:23:7e:43:0c:d7  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap3-3: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::5c01:d5ff:fee5:dbdf  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 5e:01:d5:e5:db:df  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 1 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap3-4: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::1431:b7ff:fe4d:5edc  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 16:31:b7:4d:5e:dc  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 1 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap3-5: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::50c9:cbff:fe55:a5e  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 52:c9:cb:55:0a:5e  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap3-6: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::c58:51ff:fee6:c8a9  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 0e:58:51:e6:c8:a9  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap3-7: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::d817:bbff:fe67:d02d  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether da:17:bb:67:d0:2d  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 1 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap3-8: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::a838:e1ff:fe66:a7a5  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether aa:38:e1:66:a7:a5  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap3-9: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::c851:3aff:fe6a:3281  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether ca:51:3a:6a:32:81  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap4-0: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::9cd5:37ff:fedf:8187  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 9e:d5:37:df:81:87  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 2 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap4-1: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::9:efff:fed5:82e1  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 02:09:ef:d5:82:e1  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 1 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap4-2: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::9070:30ff:fe01:7575  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 92:70:30:01:75:75  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 1 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap4-3: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::1c9c:d1ff:feec:f716  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 1e:9c:d1:ec:f7:16  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 1 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap4-4: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::92:2eff:fee9:8d5b  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 02:92:2e:e9:8d:5b  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap4-5: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::1062:eff:fed0:5a26  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 12:62:0e:d0:5a:26  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap4-6: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::841a:d5ff:fe6c:867  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 86:1a:d5:6c:08:67  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 1 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap4-7: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::d839:42ff:fe24:474c  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether da:39:42:24:47:4c  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap4-8: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet6 fe80::809e:97ff:fedf:1d74  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 82:9e:97:df:1d:74  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

tap4-9: flags=4355<UP,BROADCAST,PROMISC,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        ether 0a:28:fa:e8:29:4d  txqueuelen 100  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

vmnet1: flags=4163<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet 192.168.2.1  netmask 255.255.255.0  broadcast 192.168.2.255
        inet6 fe80::4a6:28ff:fe00:9e49  prefixlen 64  scopeid 0x20<link>
        ether 06:a6:28:00:9e:49  txqueuelen 0  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 40634  bytes 2847486 (2.7 MiB)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 254466  bytes 371120036 (353.9 MiB)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

vmnet3: flags=4099<UP,BROADCAST,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet 192.168.3.1  netmask 255.255.255.0  broadcast 192.168.3.255
        ether 0e:58:51:e6:c8:a9  txqueuelen 0  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

vmnet4: flags=4099<UP,BROADCAST,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        inet 192.168.4.1  netmask 255.255.255.0  broadcast 192.168.4.255
        ether 02:09:ef:d5:82:e1  txqueuelen 0  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

 

 

 

 

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